Solutions from science: How biodiversity research adds to conservation
Posted: November 26, 2021
The images in this article were taken pre-COVID-19.
Biodiversity in an ecosystem is a sure sign that the ecosystem is thriving. Through evolving biodiversity research, scientists investigate the interspecies dynamics in these high-functioning ecosystems to learn how other ecosystems might thrive, too.
A biodiverse ecosystem – one with a variety of plant and animal species in it – means the environment is capable of supporting an abundance of life. Biodiverse ecosystems present important clues; they help researchers gain insight into how biodiversity can be regenerated and increased in less healthy ecosystems.
So, by undertaking biodiversity research, scientists can find sustainable solutions to challenges facing the world’s natural habitats. They’re able to advise on conservation and other environmental actions that could increase biodiversity and, in turn, climate issues.
How does biodiversity research practically become conservation action? Let’s look into the microscope.
Biodiversity research and conservation
Biodiversity research involves assessing, analysing and monitoring ecosystems to better understand their needs. This data acts as a springboard for conservationists to develop relevant and effective biodiversity conservation programs.
There are four types of biodiversity that need to be considered in every ecosystem:
Species biodiversity –ecosystems with a large number of species, and no single species overpowering the rest, demonstrate the most species biodiversity. These types of ecosystems can recover more easily after experiencing threats.
Genetic biodiversity – this type of biodiversity is concerned with how closely related different members of an ecosystem are. An ecosystem where many of the species are closely related has a low genetic biodiversity.
Ecosystem biodiversity – an area with a wide array of ecosystems. These regions have more resources available to support themselves.
Functional biodiversity – the behaviour of species within an ecosystem, including how they obtain food and use natural resources to survive
Of course, these areas of biodiversity research create four unique focuses when data is collected. But all four need to be considered together for any conservation efforts to be effective.
The biggest biodiversity research topics at the Convention on Biological Diversity
Every two years, 150 world leaders who form the COP, or the Conference of the Parties, meet at the Convention on Biological Diversity to drive forward the United Nations’ framework for protecting and restoring the world’s biodiversity.
Some biodiversity research topics discussed at the 2021 Convention on Biological Diversity include:
How you can contribute towards biodiversity research
Although there’s tons of biodiversity research on the go all over the world – which means plenty of opportunities to volunteer – be sure that you’re getting involved in scientifically-sound, relevant and ethical work.
This applies whether you’re looking to get into wildlife or marine biodiversity research.
You can prepare yourself by working through scientific journals that publish findings on biodiversity research topics, like the Biodiversity Data Journal or Nature.
Want a useful tip when dealing with any research journals? Check the journal’s impact factor. Think of this as a tool that measures how often the journal’s articles are referenced in other research, showing you how valuable its contents are.
And, when you’re ready to get involved in hands-on research yourself, why not join a research internship program? GVI offers volunteer abroad programs, online courses and internships in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America that include wildlife and marine biodiversity research.